All of the following terms appear in the videos or articles for this tutorial on harnessing science and education for biodiversity conservation. Os termos estão organizados em ordem alfabética e os substantivos estão apresentados no singular, a menos que o termo no plural seja incomum.
analogy: a comparison of two things based on their being similar in some way
biodiversity: the variety of life on Earth or some specified geographic area of the planet; the diversity of life occurs at the genetic level, at the species level, at the ecosystem level, and in evolutionary lineages
biogeography: the study of how species are distributed on Earth
biologist: a scientist that studies living or formerly living organisms
calcium carbonate: CaCO start subscript, 3, end subscript; a white, insoluble solid that occurs naturally in certain types of rock such as chalk, limestone and marble; is a main component of coral and echinoderm skeletons, shells of mollusks, exoskeletons of crustaceans, pearls, and bird eggshells
captive breeding program: a program at zoos, aquaria or research facilities designed to facilitate the reproduction of wild species that are endangered or facing some type of pressure or threat; often part of a formal Species Survival Plan
conservation: in a biological context, the management of natural resources to help ensure their long-term sustainability
conservation genetics: a scientific discipline that applies genetic knowledge and methods to the conservation and restoration of biodiversity; genetic diversity is one of the important levels or types of  biodiversity
Coral Triangle: a name given to the area of tropical ocean outlined if you drew a line from the Philippines to Indonesia, to Papua New Guinea, and back to the Philippines; it is home to the greatest coral reef biodiversity in the world
education: learning knowledge or skills
ecossistema: a comunidade de diferentes espécies em uma determinada área geográfica e todas as suas interações entre si e com o ambiente físico; ecossistemas também são chamados de redes ecológicas
função ecossistêmica: os processos que ocorrem dentro de um ecossistema que estão relacionados com as interações das espécies, o fluxo de energia e o ciclo de materiais
ecosystem services: the ways in which intact ecosystems benefit humans; these services can be direct, indirect or related to aesthetic and ethical values
environment: an area or habitat; includes living and non-living components
environmental degradation: a decrease in the quality, function, or services of an ecosystem due to the depletion of resources or some other damage such as pollution
evolutionary lineage: a group of species descended from a common ancestral species; it represents a branch or series of branches on the evolutionary tree of life
expedition: a journey or voyage undertaken for a specific purpose; much of our knowledge about Earth’s biodiversity is the result of biological expeditions
extinction: the loss of a species completely and forever; happens when the last living member of a species dies
food web: the collection of all the food chains in an ecosystem that describe who eats what, and represents the flow of energy and nutrients in that ecosystem
genetic diversity: a measure of how much difference there is in the DNA of the members of a population or species
habitats: a general term for the type of environment in which an organism lives
hotspot: a general term for a place where something important is going on, such as a biodiversity hotspot that has unique and threatened species; a geologic hotspot where volcanoes are active; or a Wi-Fi hotspot where you can get online
metaphor: describing an object or event by comparing it to something that is unrelated
mollusk: the biological group of animals such as snails, clams, and squid that have a soft body without a backbone, and usually have a shell; an extremely large and diverse group including marine, freshwater, and terrestrial representatives
observation: the action or process of looking closely at something; the data or information that results from that process
organismo: um ser vivo ou algo primitivamente vivo
overharvesting: the capture and use of a natural resource such as fish or trees at a rate that is not sustainable for the long-term survival of the species
fotossíntese: o processo de capturar a energia do sol para criar moléculas orgânicas ricas em energia a partir de moléculas inorgânicas; organismos que fazem fotossíntese são chamados fotosintetizantes
população: todos os indivíduos de uma determinada espécie que vivem em uma área geográfica específica; uma espécie pode ser constituída por uma ou mais populações
remote sensing: obtaining information about environments, geographic areas or organisms through machines such as satellites or remote-controlled cameras without humans being in the area or being in contact with the organisms
research: in general terms, to study or investigate something; in scientific terms, the way science is done, to answer a specific question and with careful attention to the methods used
science: both a body of knowledge and a process for obtaining that knowledge of the natural and physical world through observation and experiment; there are many specialized subsets of science such as biology, chemistry, physics, or geology
espécie: um tipo distinto de organismo
species survival plan (SSP): a detailed protocol that sets breeding goals and other management recommendations for captive populations of endangered or threatened species; designed to maintain maximum genetic diversity for the species; frequently involves national and international collaborations among zoos, aquaria and research facilities
simbiose: um relacionamento de longo prazo ou a interação entre indivíduos de duas espécies diferentes; a relação simbiótica pode ter um impacto positivo, negativo ou neutro sobre os participantes